Nasáu Nassau /ænæsɔ/) is the capital and the cultural and commercial center of the Bahamas. The city has a population of about 241,207 (according to the 2010 census), making it the largest population in the archipelago, with approximately 70% of the country's population. Lynden Pindling International Airport, the country's main airport, is about 10 miles west of downtown Nasáu and operates daily flights to major cities in the United States, Canada, the United Kingdom and the Caribbean.
Nasau at night
Location of Nasáu in the Bahamas
Location of Nasau
|Coordinates||25°04′00″N 77°20′00″W / 25.0666666666667, -77.3333333333333333 Coordinates: 25°04′00″N 77°20′00″W / 25.0666666666667, -77.3333333333333333|
|・ District||New Providence|
|・ Total||207 km²|
|・ Average||34 m s n. m.|
|Population (est 2017)|
|・ Total||241,200 |
|・ Density||1325.6 hab/km²|
|Time zone|| EST (UTC-5)|
EDT (UTC-4) (in summer)
Nasáu is located on the island of New Providence, which functions as one of the districts of the country, although formally it is not. The city has no local government and is administered directly by an administrative division of the central government. Nasáu enjoys a tropical climate and is an important tourist center. It also has an important port and colonial architecture typical of many cities in the region.
Temperatures rarely exceed 33 °C in summer, and in winter temperatures range from 20 to 26 °C, falling very rarely from 10 °C.
Nasáu was founded in 1656 by British settlers and named Charles Town, named after King Charles II of England. The city was used as a pirate settlement and the surrounding islands as hideouts, and was destroyed in 1684 by a French-Spanish fleet. After being rebuilt, it was renamed the current name in 1695, in honor of the Dutch crown, which also belonged at that time to the English, Scottish and Irish, represented by William III of the Dutch house of Orange-Nassau. , however, the problem of piracy quickly gained prominence, so in 1695 the Spanish army he destroyed the colony for the second time.
The city was rebuilt in 1697, the problem of pirates could still not be considered resolved. To stop the incursions once again, in 1703 Spanish forces and their French allies destroyed the colony for the last time, again without lasting success. The pirates rebuilt the settlement again, and by 1713, a sparsely populated Bahamas had become a haven for pirates, prominent as bosses Thomas Barrow and Benjamin Hornigold, who proclaimed Nasáu a pirate republic, establishing himself as "governors". They were joined by Charles Vane, Calicó Jack and the famous Edward Teach (known as "Barbanegra"), along with pirate women Anne Bonny and Mary Read.
In 1718, the British tried to regain control of the islands and appointed Captain Woodes Rogers as the royal governor. Rogers reformed the civil administration, and restored trade, cleaned up Nasáu's image and rebuilt his strength, using his own wealth to try to overcome his problems. In 1720 the Spanish Empire made a failed attempt to capture Nasau.
The first parliamentary government of the Bahamas was formed in 1728 and was established in Nasáu.
In the years that followed, the city itself benefited from the Seat War (1739-1742) and the Seven-Year War (1756-1763), becoming a major point for smuggling traffic.
In 1776, Nasau's battle led to a brief American occupation of the War of Independence. In 1782 Spain captured Nasáu for the last time, when Don Juan de Cagigal, Governor General of Cuba, attacked New Providence with 5,000 men. Andrew Deveaux, an American Republican who moved to the island, set up to retrieve Nasáu with 220 men and 150 musketeers to face a force of 600 trained soldiers. Deveaux forced the Spanish Empire to surrender on April 17, 1783. Mr. Dunmore ruled the colony from 1787 to 1796 and oversaw the construction of Fort Charlotte. During the American Civil War, Nasáu served as a port for blocking corridors: trade routes were established from here to ports on the southern coast of the United States, which served to continue trade with the Confederation.
In 1892, the first telegraphic line was placed between Florida and Nasáu. During the Dry Law in the United States (1919-1933) Nasáu experienced an economic boom, due to alcohol smuggling. Nasáu was at the beginning of the 20th century an important destination for American tourists. However, the tourism boom only started in the 1950s, when high society discovered the Bahamian holiday paradise. The construction of many hotel facilities has begun, and is still ongoing today. Because of the Bahamas' permissive fiscal policy up to the beginning of the twenty-first century, countless financial companies were established in Nasáu, which is considered a tax haven to date, although a package of legislative measures has been adopted to improve financial supervision in 2000. For the same reason Nasáu is the port of registration for many cruise ships.
Located on the island of New Providence, Nasáu is an attractive port, with a colorful mix of tradition and colonial architecture, and a busy port. The tropical climate and natural beauty of the Bahamas has made Nasau a popular tourist destination.
Nasáu developed just behind the port area. New Providence offers 200 square kilometers of relatively flat and low-altitude land, crossed by low-lying mountain ranges (none of which borders on settlement). In the center of the island there are several shallow lakes that are connected by tides.
The proximity of the city to the United States (190 miles east-south-east of Miami, Florida) has contributed to its popularity as a vacation place, especially after the United States imposed a travel ban on Cuba in 1963. The Atlantis complex in the vicinity of Isla Paraiso receives more tourists in the city than any other hotel complex. The mega hotel complex has more than 6,000 employees, and is the largest employer outside the government.
Nasáu has a monsoon tropical climate with relatively constant temperatures throughout the year. During the summer temperatures can reach about 32 degrees Celsius, and during the winter months daytime temperatures reach 23 and 27 °C, rarely falling below 15 °C.
|Average climate parameters in Nasáu, Bahamas|
|Temp. max. mean (°C)||25.6||25.7||26.7||27.9||29.6||31.1||32.0||12.1||31.5||30.0||28.0||26.4||28.9|
|Temp. mean (°C)||23.7||24.4||25.1||25.8||26.6||27.2||28.0||28.1||27.7||26.2||25.2||24.2||26.0|
|Temp. min. mean (°C)||17.1||17.3||17.9||19.3||21.1||23.0||24.7||23.8||23.5||22.3||20.5||18.4||20.7|
|Total precipitation (mm)||47.2||49.0||54.4||69.3||104.9||218.9||160.5||235.5||163.1||163.1||80.5||50.0||1,396.4|
|Rainfall Days (≥ )||8||6||7||6||10||15||17||19||17||15||10||8||138|
|Source: World Meteorological Organization (UN), Hong Kong Observatory for Sun Hour Data|
|73 °F |
|73 °F |
|75 °F |
|79 °F |
|81 °F |
|82 °F |
|82 °F |
|82 °F |
|82 °F |
|81 °F |
|79 °F |
|75 °F |
During the 19th century, the population of New Providence is shifting towards it, but growth has accelerated in the city since 1950. At the end of the 18th century, the heart of the city consisted of just a few blocks of buildings between the government building and the port. The city gradually expanded east to Malcolm Park, south of Wulff Road, and west of Nasáu Street. Town Bein in the south of Nasáu became the largest black settlement, and until 30 years ago they were the most populated parts of the city. Most whites built houses along the coast, the furthest one is east of Fort Montagu, west of Saunders Beach (despite the cliffs at the edge of the city). In the 20th century, the city stretched east of Village Road and west of Fort Charlotte and Oaks Campo. The other urban semicircle was the main settlement area until after World War II, and it marks a different stage in the expansion of the city. The richest citizens continued to live in the east, towards West Point East End and Cable Beach. In the last 40 years, housing development was quite different and consisted mainly of planned subdivisions (housing complexes), for middle-class families. Since 1960, government-sponsored low-cost complexes were built in Jelou Elder, the outer ring complexes Elizabeth and Pinewood Gardens, was developed. Households now stretch east and south of the sea and west of Gladstone Road.
The center of the city is where Nasáu's main activities take place. Thousands of people visit him every day, to go shopping, eat, and watch and enjoy the tropical climate of kratod. The noisier part is the main street of the city and the bay of Maderas Rogers wok street, which is crossed by the parallel street towards the harbor of Bahia stretching several blocks in each direction. It starts in West Bay, over the Junkanoo Beach area. Several hotels and restaurants are located in Compass Point (Compass Point), Holiday Inn (Holiday Inn), Kualiti Inn (Quality Inn) and Willie sugar (Chez Willie). Next point is the Koloniaj British hotel (British Colonial hotel), in addition to West Bay, where the real Bay Street begins. The Nasáu Pirates Museum is located across from the Koloniaj Hilton hotel.
Bein Town and subsidized houses are part of the residential area of the hill in Nasáu. It was inhabited by Africans freed from slavery, established in 1825 and soon became a settlement and needed another policy to accept the rapidly growing population that took place in Town Bein, so the elderly population stayed in subsidized houses.
In its early years, it was Bein Town Village. It is located to the west of the subsidized houses neighborhood and bordered by Nasáu Street West, east of Bailu Hill Road, north of the south and now Poinciana Drive. The area was initially part of 0.57 km2 of money given to Susan Veterspun, but was later sold to Charles H. Bein, a black businessman in the 1840s. G. Bein divided the country and sold at high prices for the liberated Africans and the former slaves.
A small part of Bein Town is called Bhuta cont, and is located south of Midou Revolver. Rozan Aderli cites in one of his thesis "New Black Africans": The culture and community of liberated Africans in the Bahamas and Trinidad (1810-1900): "Prekazhuvachi lips. In the elderly, this name was actually created by a single dialectal pronunciation of the original name of the Congo Borough settlement suggesting that the initial population was of Congolese origin, probably free Africans. Aderli wrote that one from prekazhuvachite "had heard before that name has negative connotations, so Yoruba people and other African ethnic groups looked disdain at their Congolese neighbors. In fact, Kontabuta was once said to be an area south of the city where the life of Bein Congolese inhabited it. He also said that Jorubancite came from Nigeria and also lived in Bein Town, and this clan despised the Congolese. "He thought someone could avoid, and separation and discrimination were huge."The Anglican Church was responsible for education in Bein and the mid-19th century Scholarships. In 1849, a service priest in St. Agnes took responsibility for educating African schoolchildren in Town Bein in an old building in Cockburn and on the streets of the Market. Religious services were also held. Rev. William John Vudkok naseldil the Rev. Edward J. Rogers at the Gospel Broadcasting Association, as a duty priest in St. Agnes in 1848 to the leadership of Rev. Vudkok, although it was short, also important. He worked relentlessly and through his initiatives the nobility gave free tuition in Bein Town (Vudkok Scully). He died in 1851 before most of his plans were taken into account. However, he has donated his wealth to the school he founded. Dr. Ineas has written the book, Bein Town, the human described and his close relationship with Fox Hill, hence the origin of the Christmas and Junkanoo holidays.
Cable Beach is known as the Hotel District of Nasáu. In this small place, you can see five huge hotels, two of which have all the comforts possible. The area is well known for its lunch and dinner options, including the Crystal Palace Casino and the golden sands of the cable beach itself. Most of the restaurants are located either in hotels or on the street. A barbecue on Androzia beach and Caprichos are three of the best options for dinner on the beach, each with a unique decoration, warm atmosphere and excellent cuisine. However, there isn't much nightlife. You can go shopping, but in Wyndham. There are two small vaulted corridors of hotels. One is on the ground and the other is on the road that connects Wyndham and the Sheraton hotels.
The city's proximity to the United States (290 kilometers southeast of Miami) has contributed to its popularity as a vacation place, especially after the United States travel ban on Cuba. In Nasáu you will find the famous tourist resort Atlantis Resort in Isla Paraiso. The complex has more than 6,000 local employees, more than the government itself.
The city prides itself on its celebration called Junkanoo. The Junkanoo is a colorful, energetic parade, where people dress up and dance to the rhythm of ashes, drums, and whistles. It is held on December 26 and January 1, beginning in the early hours of the morning (at 1 a.m.) and ending at around 10 a.m.
- The Retreat National Park in Nasáu has one of the largest exotic palm collections in the world located in the park gardens. These tropical palms mostly grow under a soft-light pavilion where they can thrive. Other existing plants include native orchids, red ginger, among others.
- Pirates of Nasáu is a reconnaissance attraction in the Bahamas for its history show in an interactive and historically accurate environment. It is located in the center of Nasáu. There is a pirate themed café, an outdoor club and a gift shop.
- Balcony House (balcony house). This historic place, with an old wooden residential structure in Nasáu, functions like a museum.
- Fuerte Charlotte has an impressive view of Isla Paraiso and the famous Atlantis hotel, part of the city of Nasáu and the port. The fort is the largest and most interesting of the three strongholds located in Nasau. Built in 1788 by the Lord Dunmore and named after King George III's wife, this fort contains dungeons, underground passages and 42 cannons, which were never used in battle.
- Graycliff is a historic mansion that was built by Captain John Howard Graysmith in 1740. This retired seafarer and corsair moved to Nasáu in 1726 after the Graywolf vessel sank in New Providence. By 1844, Graycliff became Nasáu's first hotel, and during the United States Civil War it served as a refectory for officers of the West Indian regiment, then Polly Leach, a friend of Al Capone, owned the site. And then the restaurant that stands for Graycliff is the only five-star restaurant in the entire Caribbean, considered to be one of the best in the world.
- With a wide range of activities available, Long Wharf is the favorite beach for those who want a place that has everything for everyone. The beach is close to the center of Nasáu and minutes from the main cruise port, there are baths and facilities for activities.
The city's economy depends largely on tourism and banking activities. Tourism has been very important for its economic development. The steady growth of tourism and the boom in the construction of hotels, resources and new residences had led to rapid development, but the reversal of the United States economy and the attacks of 11 September 2001 also led to a decline in the local economy between 2001 and 2003. Financial services are the second largest sector of the economy; however, since december 2000, when the national government decreed new regulations on the financial sector, many international businesses have left the country.
Lynden Pindling International Airport (formerly Nasáu International Airport) is 10 miles from the city. The New Providence Airport of Isla Paraiso was closed in 1999, eliminating the integrated runway in the island's port.
The ferries offer coastal trips from Nasáu to the surrounding islands. Prince George Wharf is the city's main port serving cruise ships for Bahamian ports of call.
Public buses and taxis offer transportation around Nasáu. Rental cars are available in the city and also at the airport.
The biggest festival in the city is the Junkanoo, where a colorful and energetic parade of masked people dancing to the rhythmic sound of ashes, drums and whistles is shown. The word "Junkanoo" evokes the name of the founder, John Kanoo. The celebration takes place on December 26th and January 1st, starts from the early morning hours (around 1 a.m.) and ends at 10 a.m.
Nasáu has been the scene of major filmmaking in several films, including the one starring The Beatles Help! and part of the James Bond saga (Thunderball, Never Say Never Again, a remake of Operation Thunder and also part of the action in the Casino Royale version of 2006). In 1981, it was used to record a Solo scene for his eyes, although that scene was featured in the plot of the film in Greece.
Similarly, several films from the late 20th and early 21st century have been filmed here, such as After the Sunset, Into the Blue (2005) and Flipper (1996).
At Pirates of the Caribbean: The Curse of the Black Pearl, character Jack Sparrow appears in a Nasáu port.
Nasáu is also the main stage of the Black Sails series.
Nasáu appears in Morgan Stanley's novel Tobin in Paradise. The story revolves around the protagonists' visit to Isla Paraiso and the comic events that follow.
Nasáu also appears in the video game Assassin's Creed IV: Black Flag.
Nasáu has a population of 259,300 according to the 2013 census, and is home to 59,707 families, with an average size per family of 4.15 according to the 2000 census. Nasáu's large population (at least relative to the rest of the Bahamas) is the result of the waves immigration from other islands to the capital. As a result, this has led to a decline in the population of the less developed islands and the rapid growth of Nasau.
In July, the island's most important fishing tournament is held, where the most seasoned residents astound tourists with their speed and accuracy. Music and dance tournaments are also held in September, where the magnificent blows of Afro music and its mythical dances are put to the test. By the beauty of the landscape, and its wonderful corals, diving and snorkeling are the most practiced sports. All kinds of water sports are available.
King sport (soccer) has also become popular in the city, in total there are 7 professional teams (most of them participate in the BFA League). The IM Bears FC is the most successful team with 5 titles. The Baha Juniors FC, Cavalier FC, COB, Dynamos FC, Lyford Cay Dragons FC, United FC are also known in the area.
Basketball is also popular in Nasáu, with the Bahamas basketball team doing some good, compared to other Caribbean teams (in the few continental stakes it has taken sides).
The city of Nasáu is twinning with the following cities:
- Acapulco, Mexico
- Detroit, United States
- Parana, Argentina
- Shanghai, China
- Winston-Salem, United States
- Lima, Cusco and Machupicchu, Peru
Entrance of Nassau
Port of Nassau
1926 Hurricane Monitoring
Beach in Nassau
Nassau street at the end of the 19th century
Nassau landscape at the end of the 19th century
Port of Nassau at the end of the 19th century
Fort Charlotte on the outskirts of Nassau
- Nasáu Botanical Garden